Is an image just an image or does it contain much more?
After I have uploaded, processed and sorted my images I often find that I have more than a single image for a photo file. The image at right is an original file from my recent trip to frozen Lake Baikal in Siberia. I intended to show the ice fisherman in his environment and wanted to include a bit of background and surrounding elements so that the setting would be clearly defined and allow the viewer to understand what it is like to be an ice fisherman. Unfortunately, this image has a few problems.
I unintentionally captured a fellow photographer in the upper left; the right side has a distracting color element which takes your eye away from the main subject; the ice fisherman and the fisherman's face are too small relative to the full image. As a result, the most interesting aspect of the image, the fisherman, is lost amidst these mistakes.
So, what to do about this? My first thought was to crop in tighter so that I could eliminate my fellow photographer and also get rid of the distracting color element on the right. This resulted in the image below which I think portrays the scene much better and gives the viewer a much better idea of who this fisherman is via the detail of his face. This is the first "picture within a picture".
But, could I find any other images from the original that would also be compelling. My next idea was that the colors, although pleasing (I usually prefer color because color is such a big part of what we see and does convey feeling), may also distract from the man's face. To use a standard photography phrase, what if we "remove some of the reality" by removing the color and converting to black and white. This might further focus on the fisherman. So, below is another "picture within a picture".
I like this one even better. A more classic black and white portrait which I think really grabs the viewer and makes you examine the man's face and not get lost in the blue sky, red cheeks, etc.
But, when showing photos to friends and family in a Lightroom presentation, this photo came up in a smaller, cropped thumbnail and my wife said, "now there's your shot". So, this created another "picture within a picture" (below) which I think best captures the ice fisherman. From this close cropped, black and white image, there are no distractions and the image really jumps up in your face and makes you look and makes you think about this man's life and activities. How did his face get like this? What is he looking at? What is he thinking about?
From a single, original image, there are often several other images each of which can convey a slightly different subject and different meaning to the photograph. How many and what they look like depends on creativity, vision and what you are trying to convey. So, always look for a "picture within a picture".